1. pygame


Pygame is a set of Python modules for gaming applications. Its very easy to use and fun to work with. Pygame requires no extra installation other than python. Pygame modules can also be used to create desktop applications.

Prerequisites for Pygame

To use Pygame, you must have:

  • Python 3.x installed on your system
  • A basic understanding of Python programming language

Pygame Installation

You can easily install pygame using pip. Open your command prompt and type the following command:

pip install pygame

Install pygame in Mac

You can install Pygame in Mac using the Terminal app. You can open the Terminal app by searching for it from the Spotlight search or opening the Applications folder, then Utilities, and finally clicking on the Terminal app icon.

To install Pygame in Mac, you should follow the following steps:

  1. Open the Terminal app.
  2. Type the following command in the Terminal app:
pip3 install pygame
  1. Press Enter.

Simple Pygame Example

Here's a simple example of Pygame.

import pygame

# Initialise Pygame

# Set the size of the window
size = (700, 500)
screen = pygame.display.set_mode(size)

# Set the title of the window
pygame.display.set_caption("My Pygame Example")

# Set the background color of the window
background_color = (255, 255, 255)

# Keep the window open until it is closed
done = False

# Main program loop
while not done:
    for event in pygame.event.get():
        if event.type == pygame.QUIT:
            done = True

    # Fill the background color

    # Draw a circle on the screen, (255, 0, 0), (350, 250), 50)

    # Update the screen

# Quit Pygame


When you run the above code, it will display the Pygame window with a red circle in the center.


In this example, we first import the pygame module. We then initialize Pygame by calling pygame.init().

We set the size of the window using the set_mode() function of the display module and set the caption for the window using the set_caption() function.

We then set the background color of the window and keep the program running until the window is closed by setting the done variable to True when the QUIT event is detected.

In the main loop of the program, we fill the background color using fill() and draw a red circle at the center of the screen using We update the screen using display.flip().

Finally, we quit Pygame by calling pygame.quit().


In this tutorial, we learned about Pygame and how to install it on Windows and Mac. We also looked at a simple Pygame example and explained the different concepts used in it.

Published on: