1. ajax

AJAX Tutorial

AJAX stands for Asynchronous JavaScript and XML. AJAX is a web development technique that enables web pages to be updated asynchronously without reloading the page. In this tutorial, we'll cover the syntax, example, output, explanation, use, important points, and summary of AJAX.


Here is the basic syntax of an AJAX request:

const xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
xhr.open('METHOD', 'URL');
xhr.onload = function() {
  // handle the response
  • xhr: a new instance of the XMLHttpRequest() object.
  • open(): a method of the XMLHttpRequest() object which takes a METHOD (e.g. 'GET' or 'POST') and a URL.
  • onload(): a function which will be called when the response is received.
  • send(): a method of the XMLHttpRequest() object which sends the request.


Here is an example of an AJAX request that retrieves data from a server and updates the HTML content of a web page:

const xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
xhr.open('GET', 'https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/posts/1');
xhr.onload = function() {
  if (xhr.status === 200) {
    const response = JSON.parse(xhr.responseText);
    document.getElementById('title').innerHTML = response.title;
    document.getElementById('body').innerHTML = response.body;

In this example, we use XMLHttpRequest() to send an asynchronous GET request to an API endpoint. When the response is received, we check if the status code is 200 (OK) and parse the response data as JSON. Finally, we update the HTML content of two elements on the web page with the values from the response.


AJAX requests are typically used to retrieve data from a server and update the content of a web page without having to reload it. The XMLHttpRequest() object is used to create a new AJAX request. The open() method sets the URL of the request and specifies whether it is a GET or POST request. The onload() function is triggered when a response is received. The send() method sends the request.


AJAX is commonly used to retrieve and update data on a web page without requiring a full page reload. This technique can help improve the user experience of a web application and reduce server load.

Important Points

  • AJAX requests are limited by the same-origin policy, which means that they can only be sent to URLs with the same domain as the web page making the request.
  • AJAX requests can be made cross-origin by using CORS headers on the server that is receiving the request, or by using JSONP.
  • The XMLHttpRequest() object is only one way to make AJAX requests. Other frameworks like jQuery and Axios provide higher-level abstractions for making AJAX requests that can simplify the code required.


In this tutorial, we covered the syntax, example, output, explanation, use, important points, and summary of AJAX. With this knowledge, you can implement AJAX requests in your web applications, allowing for smoother user experiences and reduced server load.

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